Posts Tagged Robotlegs

Robotlegs 2 coming from Robotlegs

I did an article when I switched from PureMVC to Robotlegs so I am going to do something similar here. Yesterday I was able to do everything I wanted with Robotlegs 2, enough to do a full project with, but it wasn’t straight forward. Hopefully this will save you some time.

OMG they removed the org

First thing you will notice in the git repository is that they removed the org package; it starts right at robotlegs. No more org.robolegs.somethingelse. I was kinda confused at first. I thought I was at the wrong place. I kept looking for the src. But after reading this discussion about it, I figured I was at the right place. It did make much sense at first and it was pretty confusing, but in the end it doesn’t change much. Doesn’t help much either, but we will get use to it I guess. Goodbye org package!

Bender full of women

They next package inside the robotlegs source folder is bender. Funny thing, English not being my first languages I was thinking of binders and I didn’t get it… Silly me, well it refers to Bender, the robot character from Futurama. It is meant as a version name (version number) so version 2 is named Bender, version 3 will be some other robot I guess. This is a like what Google is doing with Android and naming every version of its operating system as a dessert (Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, Gingerbread, etc). Again a bit confusing; I would have gotten it right away if I had seen v2, but bender is great once you know about it ;) (first emoticon I put in a post)

Putting it into context

Next little problem I had was when I created the context. The code on the git page is great but it only gives you half of what you should write. So here is what they have on their page:

_context = new Context().install(MVCSBundle).configure(MyAppConfig, SomeOtherConfig).configure(new ContextView(this));

Now this is all good and nice, so I paste this in my project, and than I put my variable statement for _context at the top of my Class and I naturally type it to Context. Error, here is the silly error it returned : “Error: Implicit coercion of a value with static type robotlegs.bender.framework.api:IContext to a possibly unrelated type robotlegs.bender.framework.impl:Context.”. Now I’m like OMG, WTF, I think I should be right about everything. Well not this time. You need to type your _context as IContext; took me a little while to figure it out (hopefully having the error pasted in this post will save you some time). So:

private var _context:IContext;

MVCS but where is my command map?

This one was easy, I was looking to map some commands, but couldn’t find the right class. I am in FlashDevelop and I start typing CommandM and two classes pop up CommandMapper and CommandMapping. Sounds somewhat good, but doesn’t seem to be the right thing. After some looking around in the examples, the class I was looking for was IEventCommandMap, once you inject that, you are golden.

public var commandMap:IEventCommandMap;, TestEvent).toCommand(StartApplicationCommand);

And finally the ContextView

So yeah, last thing I needed to do was to add some views on the stage, but where to start? Answer: pretty much everywhere! Inject the ContextView where you need it, after that you can add views to its view. Hum sounds confusing here is some code:

public var contextView:ContextView;
contextView.view.addChild(new SquareView());


So I got all my building blocs that I am used too in Robotlegs v1 so I could technically build a project using it. V2 feels good, I like the new syntax to create the Context and to map mediators and commands. It seems to be doing way more than what I am used too, there are a lot of extensions that I didn’t investigate. But hey, time will tell if it can hold its own.

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Little games for Lassonde based on Madagascar 3

Didn’t have much to show since I came back from the States, but here is a little project that was pretty fun to do. Fruite Madagascar 3. My part in it was to do the games: Burst-A-Balloon, Pin the zebra and Memory game.

Felt really good to have a project that didn’t become extremely complicated after a while :) . I used Robotlegs for all of them, and I reused a lot of code in each game. Seems like Robotlegs ain’t the preferred framework when building games, but in this case performance wasn’t really an issue so I liked it a lot.

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haXe, NME, RobotHaxe, Git, GitHub, brains exploded

Hell yeah! Crazy day. Spent all day figuring stuff out, now I’m pretty tired but I have to share my findings.

NME, a cross-platform solution

So, I am looking for a true cross platform development solution that will give me output for iOs, Android and Web (Flash). Using Flash and Air is too slow for me, but I do like ActionScript 3 a lot so NME seems like the logical solution. What is exactly NME? You know what? I don’t really know. It uses haXe and I think haXe is a programming language based on ActionScript. NME can compile both to Flash and C++ (and many more). That is as much as I could figure out, but I’ll keep digging.

Installing haXe and NME seemed pretty straight forward and it seemed to have worked, the only trouble I had was with FlashDevelop. Syntax high lighting is all off and it doesn’t seem to find where the classes are. But it compiles so I could at least get some stuff done.

From ActionScript to haXe

Actually that part isn’t that bad, there are little differences which you can find on this cheat sheet, but there are also concepts that are totally oblivious to me like the Dynamic type. But I just rolled with it and everything kept working, so this is something I’ll figure out later too. Little annoying thing every class needs a constructor (but at least the function name is only “new”) and if you extends something, you have to call super. Also, I noticed that on the NME Sprite (nme.display.Sprite), there is no rotationY property (well this is particular to NME, and I have never used rotationY before until 2 days ago, so I find this very funny).

On to RobotHaxe

Well I can’t really do anything without Robotlegs. I like how simple things are with it and well organized, so if I was going to move to another language, it needed to have Robotlegs. Period. Well I also need to be able to embed Fonts, have a Tweening engine and something to replace timeline animations, Robotlegs is the most important. Turns out there is a port to haXe called RobotHaxe made by David Peek. The only problem, there is no documentation, no examples, no tutorials… I decided to give it a shot anyway, how hard could it be? Kinda hard… haha. Anyway I got it to work, not sure it is the best way to do it, but it works (for what I have tested). I made this test RobotHaxe project using FlashDevelop and NME, not sure what it implies but I think it can be useful to people so I am giving it to you.

Git and GitHub

I never used Git before, always used SVN so that was new territory also. I also used to make a zip file and give my sources like that, but I figure GitHub is a better solution since you can browse before downloading. Anyway I put my test project on it. So go check it out here : Example RobotHaxe Project for NME and give me feedback or tell me how I could do it better, because I really don’t think it is perfect. But it is better than any other example out there. ( I know there is a bunch of guys using RobotHaxe for JavaScript, but the code I have seen from them wouldn’t work in Flash so it wasn’t really helpful)

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Robotlegs FDT 4.2 project template

FDT 4.2 introduced an improved project template system so since I already did some Robotlegs templates for FlashDevelop previously, I thought I would give it a shot for FDT too. So here it is:


Copy those file in this folder for MAC users

(Your User Name) > Library > Application Support > FDT > projectTemplates > Web

and in this folder fo PC users


After that all you have to do is create a new Flash project in FDT and you should see Robotlegs project under web.

All you have to do is specify the package name by entering the client name and the project name and there you go, you have a fully functional Robotlegs project. I did the client+project package name thing because if you work for an agency you could do multiple projects for the same client so I think it is better for code organisation.

This template includes:

  • a SiteMain file which is the file that you will compile
  • a SiteContext
  • an ApplicationModel
  • a CreateMediatorCommand
  • a StartupCommand
  • a SiteEvent class
  • and a SampleView and SampleMediator

You could remove the SampleView and the SampleMediator but I felt it made the project more complete and a really good Robotlegs example.

If you have suggestions on how to make this template better or just comments, leave them down here.

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Drawing Bezier tool using Robotlegs

I came back from FITC Toronto with a lot of ideas for new posts and this is the last one of them. But fear not this is a first article in what will probably be a serie of 3 because it would otherwise be too long (or I wouldn’t have the patience to write it). So while at FITC, I went to a presentation be the guys at Firstborn about how they were often making tools instead of doing things by brute force. Well the idea stuck with me.

In the current project that I am working on, there was a part where I needed the coordinates of points along a path. The brute force way was to estimate the next point myself and to compile to see if I was right, repeat until I had all the coordinates I needed. Very tedious and boring task and the path could change often so there was high chances that I would redo this process often. What better time to start making a tool! Well it turn out that my project changed so much that that part wasn’t in it anymore… But it still makes a great topic for this blog.

Let me start by showing you what will be the result of this first post. (Below is not juste whitespace, click in it to ad points. You can select a path to make a control point appear, drag the control point to make a curve).

As you can see this is pretty bare bone. But the good thing about that is that you can use this as the base of multiple tools.

I built this using Robotlegs. If I am going to build something for myself, might as well learn (or train) a few things on the way. Plus, I think Robotlegs is very well suited for application style projects. Now that being said, using that kind of framework (MVC) will require you to create a lot of extra classes but in the end you will understand what you gain by doing so. Out of all these, 4 of them are really important. The Model, where you will keep all information on paths and points at all time and three View classes; one for the clickable area layer, one for the paths layer and one for the point layer.

The easiest of all of them is the clickable are layer. It’s job is just to register clicks and tell the framework where something has been clicked. This could have been done otherwise, but since we will want to layer stuff (points are over paths) plus we will want to select points and path to move or curve them, it is just easier to create a view just to register clicks on the unused stage and put that view in the back off our application.

package com.zedia.drawingtool.view.components {
  import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PointObject;
  import flash.display.Sprite;
    * @author dominicg
  public class DrawingArea extends Sprite {
    public var pointArray:Array;
    private var _pathArray:Array;
    public function DrawingArea() {
      graphics.drawRect(0, 0, 550, 400);
      addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, _onMouseClick, false, 0, true);
    private function _onMouseClick(event : MouseEvent) : void {
      dispatchEvent(new PointEvent(PointEvent.ADD_POINT, new PointObject(event.stageX, event.stageY)));

Our second view is the one that handles the points. Points are simple visual objects, they are just circles placed at a x and y coordinate. So when the user clicks on the clickable layer, the point view is notified and a circle is added where the click was registered. Another functionality that is added is that you can drag a point to move it around the stage. One thing to notice is that whenever a point is moved, it tells the framework about it so that the Model is always up to date and so that the path layer can display the paths correctly.

package com.zedia.drawingtool.view.components {
	import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PointObject;
	import flash.display.Sprite;
	 * @author dominicg
	public class PointLayer extends Sprite {
		private var _pointVector:Vector.<PathPoint>;
		public function PointLayer() {
			_pointVector = new Vector.<PathPoint>();
		public function addPoint(point:PointObject):void{
			var pathPoint:PathPoint = new PathPoint();
			pathPoint.addEventListener(PointEvent.POINT_MOVED, _onPointMoved, false, 0, true);
			pathPoint.x = point.x;
			pathPoint.y = point.y;
		private function _onPointMoved(event:Event) : void {
			dispatchEvent(new PointEvent(PointEvent.POINT_MOVED, new PointObject(PathPoint(, PathPoint(, _pointVector.indexOf(PathPoint(;

Now this is the last of the view class: the PathLayer. It is also the most complicated of the three view classes because a path is a complex object. It is comprised of a start point, an end point and a control point. With those you can draw a curve using the curveTo method from the AS3 drawing API. Here is the code:

package com.zedia.drawingtool.view.components {
	import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PointObject;
	import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PathObject;
	import flash.display.Sprite;
	 * @author dominicg
	public class PathLayer extends Sprite {
		private var _pathVector:Vector.<Path>;
		private var _selected:int = -1;
		public function PathLayer() {
			_pathVector = new Vector.<Path>();
		public function addPath(pathObject:PathObject):void{
			var path:Path = new Path(pathObject.firstPoint, pathObject.secondPoint, pathObject.controlPoint);
			path.addEventListener(PathEvent.PATH_CLICKED, _onPathClicked, false, 0, true);
			path.addEventListener(PathEvent.CONTROL_POINT_MOVED, _onControlPointMoved, false, 0, true);
		private function _onControlPointMoved(event : Event) : void {
			dispatchEvent(new PathEvent(PathEvent.CONTROL_POINT_MOVED, new PathObject(new PointObject(0,0,0), new PointObject(0,0,0), _pathVector.indexOf(Path(, Path(;
		private function _onPathClicked(event : Event) : void {
			if (_selected > -1){
			_selected = _pathVector.indexOf(Path(;
		public function updatePaths(updatedPathVector : Vector.<PathObject>) : void {
			for (var i : int = 0; i < updatedPathVector.length; i++) {
		public function deselectAll():void{
			if (_selected > -1){
				_selected = -1;

You will find more information about paths in the Path class inside the view folder.

Finally the last important class is the Model. This is where you keep information about the state of the application. With the information stored in the Model you can recreate exactly how the application is right now, which is really practical if you want to save the state to a file or export data. As you will see, it is mostly saving a data representation of visual objects in our views (points and paths).

package com.zedia.drawingtool.model {
	import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PathObject;
	import com.zedia.drawingtool.model.objects.PointObject;
	import org.robotlegs.mvcs.Actor;
	import flash.geom.Point;
	 * @author dominicg
	public class DrawingModel extends Actor {
		private var _pointVector:Vector.<PointObject>;
		private var _pathVector:Vector.<PathObject>;
		public function DrawingModel() {
			_pointVector = new Vector.<PointObject>();
			_pathVector = new Vector.<PathObject>();
		public function addPoint(point:PointObject):void{ = _pointVector.length;
			dispatch(new PointEvent(PointEvent.ADD_POINT_APPROVED, point));
			var pointLength : int = _pointVector.length;
			if (_pointVector.length > 1) {
				var controlPoint:Point = new Point((_pointVector[pointLength - 1].x - _pointVector[pointLength - 2].x)/2, (_pointVector[pointLength - 1].y- _pointVector[pointLength - 2].y)/2);
				_pathVector.push(new PathObject(_pointVector[pointLength - 2], _pointVector[pointLength - 1], _pathVector.length, controlPoint));
				dispatch(new PathEvent(PathEvent.ADD_PATH_APPROVED, _pathVector[_pathVector.length -1]));
		public function updatePoint(point : PointObject) : void {
			trace (;
			_pointVector[].x = point.x;
			_pointVector[].y = point.y;
			//Update paths now
			var resultingPathVector:Vector.<PathObject> = new Vector.<PathObject>();
			if ( == 0) {
				_pathVector[].firstPoint = point;
			} else if ( == _pointVector.length - 1){				
				_pathVector[ - 1].secondPoint = point;
				resultingPathVector.push(_pathVector[ - 1]);				
			} else {
				_pathVector[].firstPoint = point;
				_pathVector[ - 1].secondPoint = point;
				resultingPathVector.push(_pathVector[ - 1]);
			dispatch(new PathVectorEvent(PathVectorEvent.UPDATE_PATHS, resultingPathVector));
		public function updateControlPoint(path : PathObject) : void {
			_pathVector[].controlPoint = path.controlPoint;

Well that is it for now. You can download the source code below and see the classes that I didn’t talk about. This is all good but this tool right now just draw paths but it doesn’t transform or export the data in any way. This will be the topic of a next post.


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Realisation from Flash and the City

First, I want to say that Flash and the City was a very well organized conference. Sure it isn’t as perfect as FITC (I know it does no justice to compare a 10 years old conference to a new one, but it’s the only other conference I have been to) but it was nonetheless amazing for a first year and we have Elad Elrom and his team to thank for that.

Flash and the City

What I think they can improve on next year is the venue; the 3 legged dog was too small to hold this kind of event. I would suggest changing for a new place. What I really liked: that the speakers where different from the speakers on the other conferences roasters (seems like it’s all the same people speaking from conferences to conferences) so I got to see people I had not seen yet.

The realisation

I consider myself a developer and FATC was really more aimed towards developers, so I should have been very happy there. The thing is, I wasn’t; it didn’t have the same impact as FITC did on me, which is weird. I don’t know, maybe it is because I follow a lot what is happening in the Flash community and I am well informed on the new possibilities the platform has technically. Because of that, the presentations didn’t marvel me as much as a creative presentations where everything is mostly new. Maybe I am not so much a developer after all.

Best of show

Anyway there was still some presentations that I found really amazing. The best one that I saw really was Gaia Flash Framework by Jesse Warden. He spoke about using Gaia and Robotlegs together. I mostly knew what he was speaking about but it still was awesome. I wish I could see it again in slow motion because there are so many words that come out of Jesse’s mouth. What is the major point of interest is Jesse’s views on the industry and the way he express them. If you get the chance to see him speak don’t miss it. Well, he started doing some video capsules, so you should go watch those. I used to make the new guys watch them when they had nothing to do (when is the next one coming out Mr Warden? I want more!). Aside from this Jesse, it was also good to see that Jesse Freeman is a very well spoken, nice , intelligent and professional dude. It clashes from his Twitter personality where all he does is wine about Adobe (well he seems to like Adobe now that he is working with Flash on Android). I really enjoy his articles on InsideRIA but sometimes I want to unfollow him on Twitter because all his bitchin is impacting on my moral. It was nice to see him in person, it gives me a new (good) perspective on the guy. Also another interesting thing I learned was that searching for Flash Bum (Jesse’s username on Twitter is theflashbum) on Google images yields unexpected results.

All in all it was a great week-end, I wish good luck to the Flash and the City team for next year.

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Dependency Injection; Ok but how?

More Robotlegs for you guys, but this time in is more conceptual.

One thing that bugged me with Robotlegs was the use of the expression Dependency Injection. Cool word, it must mean something huge. Well if you look at it quickly; not really. If you take time to think about it, it means more.

Half of it is injection

Well, how you implement dependency injection is actually pretty simple and is something that you are doing every day (well if you program). Dependency Injection is giving, by the mean of the contructor, a method or a property, dependency (data) to an object. As Joel Hooks said it in his InsideRIA article (read it, it’s a good intro): “When you pass a variable to the constructor of a class, you are using Dependency Injection. When you set a property on a class, you are using Dependency Injection.

Ain’t that just pleasing; I can just walk around the office and tell every one I am doing Dependency Injection.

The concept behind it

I first was reading about this on the Robotlegs best practices and I couldn’t understand anything (that’s mostly the case when I am first exposed to a design pattern, no offense to that document). After that I found Hooks article and I said to myself: “this ain’t complicated, why all the fuss”, but I wasn’t really understanding the concept (the why) behind it. It took me this article to really understand. The example is really simple and clearly expose why we should use dependency injection.

Why we should use dependency injection is mostly to create more flexible Classes. If a Class as settings that could change and that it depends on them to work, these settings should not be set inside the Class’ code but outside of it. That way every time the settings change, you don’t need to go in the Class’ code to change them.  You should really read Fabien Potentier’s article about it; he does a way better job at explaining this than me. Also this presentation by Jeff More is pretty good. The more you read about it the more you’ll understand what it is.

Fine but it still feels like magic in Robotlegs

When you read the wikipedia article on Dependency Injection, at one point they list some draw backs and one of them was that “Code that uses dependency injection can seem magical to some developers” and that is exactly how I felt about it in the context of Robotlegs. Mostly because of the use of the [Inject] metatag. That is not a mechanism I was used to in AS3. I was thinking that these meta where holy blessed keywords that only Adobe could create.

Well it turns out I was wrong. Well half wrong. The [Inject] meta is used at runtime while let’s say the [Embed] metatag is used at compile time, so it is not exactly the same beast. In Robotlegs, injection is handled by the SwiftSuspenders. What it does is that for all rules you create using the method mapValue, mapClass and mapSingleton it will inspect the classes it receive. It uses the function flash.utils.describeType on the Class to do so, this will return an XML that represent that Class. In this XML, there will be tags that represent the [Inject] metatag. That is what SwiftSuspenders is looking for when parsing the class representation XML, after that it can freely do the injection (passing the values) according to the rules.

Now you could go and create your own metatags, but it seems that the compiler would remove them at compilation. If you use the source for the SwiftSuspenders instead of the SWC they tell you to add this to the compiler arguments:


-keep-as3-metadata+=PostConstruct //This is another metatag that SwiftSuspenders makes use of

This will prevent the compiler from removing the metatags from the Classes, so you could basically change these lines to make the compiler keep your newly created metatags. I have no idea why you don’t have to do this when using the SWC.

That is kinda what I wanted to cover. I’m still not fully comfortable with dependency injection but at least I have a better idea of how it works underneath. I hope you feel the same.

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Recharge with milk and Robotlegs

I just wanted to show you what came out of my work with Robotlegs. Recharge with Milk is a hybrid site Html/Flash. We did the flash part because for the home section it would be faster to take care of the page resizing and to add some animations in the compare tool.

Only the home page was built using Robotlegs. It is pretty simple so it was a good fit to try a new framework, but there is way more going on than what it looks like. Everything on the home page is customizable from a xml and there are a lot of layers of views.

Recharge with Milk

At some point in the project I was finding real beauty in the code, but I was really sad because nobody other than developer could see that beauty…

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Some tricks when switching to Robotlegs from PureMVC

From the past posts and a couple of tweets, you all know I have been playing around with Robotlegs. Also, up until now, my framework of choice has been PureMVC, so what I want to do in this post is inform you of the little road bumps I hit when trying to learn the new framework.

Public dependency injection

The first one is really small. Robotlegs makes use of dependency injection (more on that in a later post) and to do so you have to put a meta tag [Inject] before you variable declaration. That is all good, just remember to make your variable public or else you’ll get an error. I wasn’t accustomed with the error I got so it took me some time to find out why I got it.

public var view:Footer; //remember to make public injectable variables

Playing with models

First thing first, when creating my model I was looking to extend the Model class from the Robotlegs framework. Turns out there is no such class; models should extend the Actor class. Services also extends the Actor class.

The next gotcha was a little weird to me at first because it is different from PureMVC mindset. Robotlegs does lazy instantiation, so when you map a model using the injector.mapSingleton method the model will only be created the first time it is injected (that is how I understood it). For some models this is ok, but for others they need to be created before that. In order to do so you use injector.instantiate method and pass it the class you want to create. Here is the code for it and how you would pass data to your newly created model:

var appModel:ApplicationModel = injector.instantiate(ApplicationModel);
appModel.init("whatever you want here");

Where do I list and handle framework events?

This is the big plus for Robotlegs, no more handling notifications but not listing them and then not figuring out why it doesn’t work. Robotlegs uses the same mechanism, in a mediator, to listen to view events than to listen to framework events which makes it easier to deal with.

So to listen to a view event I would do this:

eventMap.mapListener(view, StringEvent.HIT_ZONE_ROLL_OUT, _onRollOut, StringEvent);

and to listen to a framework event I would do this:

eventMap.mapListener(eventDispatcher, StringEvent.RESIZE, _onResize, Event);

Robotlegs basically wraps around the traditional addEventListener method and what does this give us as an additional bonus? We don’t ever have to set these listeners to weak reference because that is the way they are set by default. Oh, the joy!

Learning a new framework isn’t an easy task (at least when you don’t know any), but I found that learning Robotlegs from a PureMVC background was pretty easy. I hope you will take the time to check it out.

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And now an AS3 Project – Robotlegs project template for FlashDevelop

So yesterday I gave you files templates for Robotlegs. I now give you a project template. File templates are used when you want to add a new file to a project, project templates are used at the creation of a project. It will create the folder structure, add libraries and create the basic files you will need in most projects of that type.

In this Robotlegs project template I added 7 files : Preload.fla,,,,, and

I added the Preload.fla because has explained in this post, I pass the loaderInfo(I do this to pass the flashvars) from the preloader to the loaded Main so I thought it would make understanding why I did that in the Main easier. This is a template preloader so there is no graphics in it, just the basic code to make a preloader work.

In the I also do some weird things, namely this:

if (Capabilities.playerType == "StandAlone"){
stage.scaleMode = StageScaleMode.NO_SCALE;
stage.align = StageAlign.TOP_LEFT;
//and this in the init method
if (Capabilities.playerType == "StandAlone"){
local = true;

I do this to test locally without having to compile the preloader every time. Also, I might need to know if I am local if I use AMF. In that case, the url for my gateway will be different.

For the rest, it is pretty straight forward, a MainContext for the application that will start it, a command to create the models, a command to create the mediators and finally an ApplicationModel. I don’t create the ApplicationModel in the CreateModelsCommand because I want to parse the data(parameters) inside of the LoaderInfo I passed in the constructor of the MainContext.

If you use this project template along with the files templates, you’re in for major time saving while enjoying Robotlegs!

Here are the files:
000 ActionScript 3 – AS3 Project with Robotlegs.rar

So when you downloaded the files, go in FlashDevelop, in the top menu select Tools and then Application Files… This will open the application files folder of FlashDevelop. Now go in the Projects Folder and add the files that you downloaded (copy the “000 ActionScript 3 – AS3 Project with Robotlegs” folder there). Now the next time you create a new project in FlashDevelop, scroll down and you will see it.

You may not agree with everything that is in those templates, then there is two things you can do. Either discuss about it in the comments or modify my project template. It is very easy to do so; I never even looked at documentation to learn how to do it.

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